2 Posts

buckeye2The most recognizable member of the genus globally is the common horse chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum. The yellow buckeye Aesculus flava (syn. A. octandra) is also a precious ornamental tree with yellowish blossoms, but is less extensively put. Among the species that is smaller, the bottlebrush buckeye Aesculus parviflora additionally makes a flowering shrub that is very intriguing and uncommon.

Several other members of the genus are used as ornamentals, and lots of horticultural hybrids also have been developed, most notably the red horse chestnut Aesculus * carnea, a hybrid between A. hippocastanum and A. pavia.

Aesculus was recorded as truly one of the 38 materials used to prepare Bach flower treatments, a form of alternative medicine encouraged for its effect on well-being. Yet according to Cancer Research UK, “there’s no scientific evidence to show that flower treatments can restrain, treat or prevent any kind of disorder, including cancer”.

buckeyetreeLinnaeus named the genus Aesculus following the Roman name for an acorn that was edible. Common names for all these trees contain “buckeye” and “horse chestnut”. Some are also called white chestnut or reddish chestnut (as in a number of the Bach flower treatments). In Britain, they’re from time to time called conker trees due to their connection with all the game of conkers, played against the seeds, also named conkers. After leaching, over about four millennia by the Jomon people of Japan, until 300 AD Aesculus seeds were eaten.

All portions of horse chestnut tree or the buckeye are relatively hazardous, including the nutlike seeds. The toxin impacts the gastrointestinal system. The USDA notes the toxicity is a result of saponin aescin and glyside aesculin, with alkaloids maybe leading.[9] Native Americans used to smash the seeds as well as the resultant mash was thrown into still or slow-moving waterbodies to stun or kill fish. They’d then boil and drain (leach) the fish at least three times as a way to dilute the toxin’s effects. New shoots from the seeds also have been known to kill grazing cows.